Submission Guidelines

Submitting an Article Online

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Article Types


Research articles in the fields of literature, culture, language, inter-arts / intermedial studies, reception and translation studies. Research articles should be between 5,000 to 7,000 words in length.

This section is peer reviewed.


Previously unpublished interviews should be no more than 7,000 words in length.


Book reviews on recently published scholarly books. Reviews should be no more than 1,000 words in length.

Creative writing

Submissions of original creative writing (short stories, poetry and life writing) should be no more than 7,000 words in length.


Author Guidelines

Submissions should be made electronically through this website. Once submitted, the author can track the submission and communicate with the editors via the online journal management system.

Please ensure that you consider the following guidelines when preparing your manuscript. Failure to do so may delay processing your submission.

We also request that authors do not submit more than article to the journal per year. 

All word limits include referencing and citation.



Title page
To ensure blind peer review, please only list the title and abstract on the submitted manuscript file.

The names of all authors, affiliations, contact details, biography (in English or Portuguese, with a maximum of 100 words) and the corresponding author details must be completed online as part of the submission process. All authors must fit within the journal's definition of an author, available here.
Author names should include a forename and a surname.

The affiliation should ideally include ‘Department, Institution, City, Country’. However only the Institution and Country are mandatory. Please follow institutional norms, if applicable, ex.: Centro de Estudos Anglísticos, Faculdade de Letras, Universidade de Lisboa.

Research articles must have the main text prefaced by an abstract of no more than 250 words summarising the main arguments and conclusions of the article. This must have the heading ‘Abstract’ and be easily identified from the start of the main text.

A list of up to six keywords must be placed below the abstract.

The Abstract and Keywords should also be added to the metadata when making the initial online submission.

Main text
Times New Roman font, size 12 point; 1,5 spaces; left and right justified
The body of the submission should be structured into sections and, if necessary, into sub-sections, using Arabic numerals. Up to three level headings may be present and must be clearly identifiable using different font sizes, bold or italics. We suggest using Headings 1, 2 and 3 in MS-Word’s ‘Style’ section.

Supplementary Files (optional)
Any supplementary/additional files that should link to the main publication must be listed, with a corresponding number, title and option description. Ideally the supplementary files are also cited in the main text.

e.g. Supplementary file 1: Appendix.

Note: Additional files will not be typeset so they must be provided in their final form. They will be assigned a DOI and linked to from the publication.

If data, structured methods or code used in the research project have been made openly available, a statement should be added to inform the reader how/where to access these files. This should include the repository location and the DOI linking to it. Read our reproducibility guide for more information on best practice and maximising the impact of your open data.

If data used in the research project has not been made available, a statement confirming this should be added, along with reasoning why.

The journal's data policy is available on the Editorial Policies page.

Ethics and consent (if applicable)
Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject(s) should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian) and added to this statement. If a study involving human subjects/tissue/data was exempt from requiring ethical approval, a confirmation statement from the relevant body should be included within the submission.

Experiments using animals must follow national standards of care. For further information, click here.

Acknowledgements (optional)
Any acknowledgements must be headed and in a separate paragraph, placed after the main text but before the reference list.

Funding Information (if applicable)
Should the research have received a funding grant then the grant provider and grant number should be detailed.

Competing interests
If any of the authors have any competing interests then these must be declared. A short paragraph should be placed before the references. Guidelines for competing interests can be found here. If there are no competing interests to declare then the following statement should be present: The author(s) has/have no competing interests to declare.

All references cited within the submission must be listed at the end of the main text file.



The author is responsible for obtaining all permissions required prior to submission of the manuscript. Permission and owner details should be mentioned for all third-party content included in the submission or used in the research.

If a method or tool is introduced in the study, including software, questionnaires, and scales, the license this is available under and any requirement for permission for use should be stated. If an existing method or tool is used in the research, it is the author's responsibility to check the license and obtain the necessary permissions. Statements confirming that permission was granted should be included in the Materials and Methods section.


Language & Text


For the submission title:
Capitalise all nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs and subordinate conjunctions (i.e. as, because, although). Use lowercase for all articles, coordinate conjunctions and prepositions.

Headings within the main text:
First level headings in the text should follow the same rule as the main title.
For lower-level subheadings, only capitalise first letter and proper nouns.
Headings should be under 75 characters.

Submissions must be made in English or Portuguese. Authors are welcome to use American or British spellings as long as they are used consistently throughout the whole of the submission.
When referring to proper nouns and normal institutional titles, the official, original spelling must be used.

American or English grammar rules may be used as long as they are used consistently and match the spelling format (see above). Use serial commas.

Use the phrase “this article” or this essay” rather than “this paper”.
For dates, use the English format, i.e. day, month, year—14 July 2018.

The font used should be Times New Roman. This may be changed during the typesetting process.
Underlined text should be avoided whenever possible. Bold or italicised text to emphasise a point are permitted, although they should be restricted to minimal occurrences to maximise their efficiency. Bold can be used for highlighting within italics and for headings. Please refrain from the use of FULL CAPS (except for focal stress and abbreviations) and underlining (except for highlighting within examples, as an alternative for boldface).
Emphasis and foreign words: Use italics for foreign words, highlighting, and emphasis.
Note: Check for extra spaces using your word processor and remove them.

Use bullet points to denote a list without hierarchy or order of value. If the list indicates a specific sequence then a numbered list must be used.
Lists should be used sparingly to maximise their impact.

Quotation marks
For quotations in the text, use “double quotation marks” and, in texts submitted in Portuguese, if you use punctuation marks after the quotation, please place them after closing the quotation marks. (Ex.: Written twenty years after “Nature”, “The Apple-Tree Table” is a complex response to complex Emersonian principles.) Use ‘single quotation’ marks for quotes-within-quotes, i.e., when quoting an excerpt with an inner quotation. Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation. Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of your text.
For long quotations (more than 40 words), do not use quotation marks; set off whole quotation from the text by indenting from the left margin (use tab: 1.5 cm). Left and right justified, with one line spacing above and below main text. Do not enclose in quotation marks. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks. Do not use tab or indentation after a quotation that has been set off from the text. The standard, non-italicised font must be used for all quotes.
Suppressed text in citations: use (…); do not use […] or…

It must be clear from the text and/or citation where the quote is sourced. If quoting from material that is under copyright then permission will need to be obtained from the copyright holder.

Acronyms and Abbreviations
Spell out almost all acronyms on first use, indicating the acronym in parentheses immediately thereafter. Use the acronym for all subsequent references.
● Research completed by the World Health Organization (WHO) shows …
A number of abbreviations are so common that they do not require the full text on the first instance. Examples of these can be found here.
Common examples from Latin origin do not follow this rule and should be lower case and can include full stops.
● e.g., i.e., etc.
In uppercase letter abbreviations, do not use periods or spaces in abbreviations composed solely of capital letters, except in the case of proper names: USA, MA, CD, HTML.
Degree names: PhD, not PHD.
Scholarly abbreviations: anon. for anonymous; no. for number; P for Press (used for academic presses); p. for page, pp. for pages; par. for paragraph when page numbers are unavailable; qtd. in for quoted in; U for University (for example, Purdue U); UP for University Press (for example, Yale UP or U of California P).
Spell out centuries: i.e. “nineteenth century” rather than “19th century”, “tenth century” rather than “10th century”, etc.
“c.” or “ca.” should always be spelled out and in italics: “circa”.
Names initials should have a space: i.e. T. S. Eliot.
Spell out %: i.e. “15 per cent”.

Use of endnotes
Times New Roman font, size 10 point; 1,5 spaces; left and right justified.
Use endnotes rather than footnotes (we refer to these as ‘Notes’ in the online publication). These will appear at the end of the main text, before ‘References’.
All notes should be used only where crucial clarifying information needs to be conveyed. MLA discourages extensive use of explanatory or digressive notes. MLA style does, however, allow you to use endnotes for bibliographic notes, which refer to other publications readers may consult. Avoid using notes for purposes of referencing, with in-text citations used instead. If in-text citations cannot be used, a source can be cited as part of a note.
Please insert the endnote marker after the end punctuation.


Data & Symbols

Symbols are permitted within the main text and datasets as long as they are commonly in use or have explanatory definition on their first usage.

Hyphenation, em and en dashes
Use em-dashes, not hyphens nor en-dashes to create a parenthetical break in the structure of a sentence. Word processing software programs will automatically turn two hyphens into an em-dash (if no space is left before or after them). (Ex.: The short story is set in a domestic environment, in the old house of a family of five people—a couple, two daughters and an Irish maid—also present in former stories.) Note that when a long dash appears in the text, the footnote number appears before the dash. Ex.:
For years, scholars have failed to address this point8—a fact that suggests their cowardice more than their carelessness.
There is no set rule on the use of hyphenation between words, as long as they are consistently used.
En dashes can be used to replace ‘to’ when indicating a range. No space should surround the dash.
● 10-25 years
● pp. 10-65

For numbers zero to nine please spell the whole words. Please use figures for numbers 10 or higher.
Authors may use either words or figures to represent large whole figures (i.e. one million or 1,000,000) as long as the usage is consistent throughout the text.
If the sentence includes a series of numbers, then figures must be used in each instance.
● Artefacts were found at depths of 5, 9, and 29 cm.
If the number appears as part of a dataset, in conjunction with a symbol or as part of a table then the figure must be used.
● This study confirmed that 5% of…
If a sentence starts with a number it must be spelt, or the sentence should be re-written so that it no longer starts with the number.
● Fifteen examples were found to exist…
● The result showed that 15 examples existed…
Do not use a comma for a decimal place.
● 2.43 NOT 2,43
Numbers that are less than zero must have ‘0’ precede the decimal point.
● 0.24 NOT .24

Units of measurement
Symbols following a figure to denote a unit of measurement must be taken from the latest SI brochure. See for the full brochure.


Figures & Tables


Figures, including graphs and diagrams, must be professionally and clearly presented. If a figure is not easy to understand or does not appear to be of a suitable quality, the editor may ask to re-render or omit it.
All figures must be cited within the main text, in consecutive order using Arabic numerals (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.).
Each figure must have an accompanying descriptive main title. This should clearly and concisely summarise the content and/or use of the figure image. A short additional figure legend is optional to offer a further description.
● Figure 1: 1685 map of London.
● Figure 1: 1685 map of London. Note the addition of St Paul’s Cathedral, absent from earlier maps.
Figure titles and legends should be placed within the text document, either after the paragraph of their first citation, or as a list after the references.
The source of the image should be included, along with any relevant copyright information and a statement of authorisation (if needed).
Figure 1: Firemen try to free workers buried under piles of concrete and metal girders. Photo: Claude-Michel Masson. Reproduced with permission of the photographer.
If your figure file includes text, then please present the font as Times New Roman. This will mean that it matches the typeset text.

NOTE: All figures must be uploaded separately as supplementary files during the submission process, if possible in colour and at a resolution of at least 300dpi. Each file should not be more than 20MB. Standard formats accepted are: JPG, TIFF, GIF, PNG, EPS. For line drawings, please provide the original vector file (e.g. .ai, or .eps).

Tables must be created using a word processor's table function, not tabbed text.
Tables should be included in the manuscript. The final layout will place the tables as close to their first citation as possible.
All tables must be cited within the main text, numbered with Arabic numerals in consecutive order (e.g. Table 1, Table 2, etc.).
Each table must have an accompanying descriptive title. This should clearly and concisely summarise the content and/or use of the table. A short additional table legend is optional to offer a further description of the table. The table title and legend should be placed underneath the table.
Tables should not include:
● Rotated text
● Colour to denote meaning (it will not display the same on all devices)
● Images
● Vertical or diagonal lines
● Multiple parts (e.g. ‘Table 1a’ and ‘Table 1b’). These should either be merged into one table, or separated into ‘Table 1’ and ‘Table 2’.

NOTE: If there are more columns than can fit on a single page, then the table will be placed horizontally on the page. If it still can't fit horizontally on a page, the table will be broken into two.



The following style guidelines are based on the MLA Formatting and Style Guide, 8th ed.

In-text citations
Every use of information from other sources must be cited in the text so that it is clear that external material has been used.
Parenthetical reference in the text (author-page style): for the most part, an in-text citation is the author’s last name and the page number with one space (or just the page number, if the author is named in the sentence) in parentheses. Ex.:
Imperialism is “the practice, the theory, and the attitudes of a dominating metropolitan center ruling a distant territory” (Said 9).
According to Edward W. Said, imperialism is defined by “the practice, the theory, and the attitudes of a dominating metropolitan center ruling a distant territory” (9).
In one work by the author of two or more works: place a comma after the author’s last name followed by comma, add a shortened version of the title of the book (ex.: Toffler, Future 211) or article (ex.: Lefevere, “Why Waste our Time” 241), and supply the page number(s).
Multiple citations: To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi- colon, ex.: (Burke 3; Dewey 21).
When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast: include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference, ex.: (00:02:15- 00:02:35).

Works Cited
All citations must be listed at the end of the text file, in alphabetical order of authors’ surnames. If you are listing more than one work by the same author, alphabetize the works by title. For multiple authorship, place names in the order they appear in the source. Reverse the name of the first author only (ex.: “Wilmut, Ian, Keith Campbell, and Colin Tudge.”). When the author is an institution, begin with its name (ex. “CEAUL–Centro de Estudos Anglísticos da Universidade de Lisboa / ULICES–University of Lisbon Centre for English Studies”). For a source with three or more authors, list only the first author’s last name, and replace the additional names with et al.
All reading materials should be included in the ‘Works Cited’ section – works which have not been cited within the main text, but which the author wishes to share with the reader, must be cited as additional information in endnotes explaining the relevance of the work. This will ensure that all works within the reference list are cited within the text.
NOTE: If multiple works by the same author are being listed, please re-type the author’s name out for each entry, rather than using a long dash.
NOTE: DOIs should be included for all reference entries, where possible. The DOI or URL is usually the last element in a citation and should be followed by a period.
NOTE: All works cited entries end with a period.

Reference format

This journal uses the MLA Formatting and Style Guide, 8th ed. – see below for examples of how to format.

Note changes in the eighth edition of MLA:
- Terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc., are no longer abbreviated.
- Place of publication is omitted.
- Placeholders, including “n.d.” for “no date”, are no longer used.
- vol. and no. are now spelled out (instead of 32.3; it is vol. 32, no. 3).
- Medium (Print. Web., etc.) is no longer necessary.
- It is recommended including URLs when citing online sources.
- Date of access to online sources (ex.: Accessed 8 Feb. 2018) is optional.
- Remove any “http://” or “https://” tag from the beginning of the URL.
- If your source is listed with a DOI, use that instead of a URL.
Format examples

Single Author

Garcia Marquez, Gabriel. Love in the Time of Cholera. Vintage, 1988.     

Two Authors

Casell, Kay Ann, and Uma Hiremath. Reference and Information Services in the 21st Century: An Introduction. Neal-Schuman, 2004.

Three or More Authors

Robbins, Chandler S., et al. Birds of North America: A Guide to Field Identification. Golden, 1966.

with Translator or other contributors

Homer. The Odyssey. Translated by Robert Fagles, Viking, 1996.

Other common descriptions: Adapted by, Directed by, Edited by, Illustrated by, Introduction by, Narrated by, Performance by.

A work (e.g., essay, short story) in an anthology or compilation.

Kimball, Jean. “Growing Up Together: Joyce and Psychoanalysis, 1900-1922.” Joyce through the Ages: A Nonlinear View, edited by Michael Patrick Gillespie, UP of Florida, 1999, pp. 25-45.

Later Edition

Blamires, Harry. The New Bloomsday Book: A Guide through Ulysses. 3rd ed., Routledge, 1996.

Article in an Online Database

Hannah, Daniel K. “The Private Life, the Public Stage: Henry James in Recent Fiction.” Journal of Modern Literature, vol. 30, no. 3, 2007, pp. 70-94. JSTOR,

Best, David, and Sharon Marcus. “Surface Reading: An Introduction.” Representations, vol. 108, no. 1, Fall 2009, pp. 1-21. JSTOR, doi:10.1525/rep.2009.108.1.1

Article in Print Journal

Hannah, Daniel K. “The Private Life, the Public Stage: Henry James in Recent Fiction.” Journal of Modern Literature, vol. 30, no. 3, 2007, pp. 70-94.

Article (Web Page) on a Web Site

Farkas, Meredith. “Tips for Being a Great Blogger (and a Good Person).” Information Wants to Be Free, 19 July 2011, 

Website (Whole site)

Farkas, Meredith. Information Wants to Be Free. Jun. 2015,

YouTube Video

"Dog Turns Roomba Off." YouTube, uploaded by ilovetobamom, 28 Dec. 2016,


“Chapter I: If You Keep Your Mouth Shut, You'll Be Surprised What You Can Learn." S-Town from Serial and This American Life. Accessed 8 May 2017.


@realDonaldTrump. "Wow, the Fake News media did everything in its power to make Republican Healthcare victory look as bad as possible. Far better than Ocare!" Twitter, 5 May 2017, 4:22 p.m.,

Television Show on Streaming Platform

"A Fish Out of Water." Family Guy, season 3, episode 10, Fox Broadcasting Company, 19 September 2001. Hulu,



For other sample entries see the MLA Formatting and Style Guide at OWL Purdue.

Submission Preparation Checklist

  1. The author(s) agree to the payment terms detailed on the journal website, which will be applied if this submission is accepted for publication by the journal. Any waiver request must be made at the time of submission via the Comments to the Editor (below). Unless a waiver is granted by the journal, in writing, then the author(s) accepts that an Article Processing Charge (APC) may be invoiced post-acceptance.
  2. The submission has not been previously published, in part or in whole, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  3. All third-party-owned materials used have been identified with appropriate credit lines, and permission has been obtained from the copyright holder for all formats of the journal. Authors acknowledge their responsibility to gain all permissions prior to submission.
  4. All authors qualify as authors, as defined in the authorship guidelines, and have given permission to be listed on the submitted paper.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines. Every effort has been made to ensure that the submission is ready for peer review according to the journal's review policy (following the instructions to ensure blind peer review).
  6. Tables are all cited in the main text and are included within the text document.
  7. Figures are all cited in the main text and are uploaded as supplementary files. Figures/images have a resolution of at least 150dpi (300dpi or above preferred). The files are in one of the following formats: JPG, TIFF, GIF, PNG, EPS (to maximise quality, the original source file is preferred).
  8. All patients included within case reports or other article types in which an individual or a group of individuals can be identified have signed informed consent forms, or had had their legal guardian do so, giving permission to publish the submitted content under a CC-BY licence.
  9. Research has been approved by an appropriate ethics committee, with the name of the committee and reference number of approval included within the submitted file. Otherwise, a statement that ethics approval was not required has been added to the file.
  10. The corresponding author is submitting an ORCID identifier in their author data and co-authors have been recommended to also provide an ORCID, as per the journal policy.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms. If a submission is rejected or withdrawn prior to publication, all rights return to the author(s):

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Submitting to the journal implicitly confirms that all named authors and rights holders have agreed to the above terms of publication. It is the submitting author's responsibility to ensure all authors and relevant institutional bodies have given their agreement at the point of submission.

Note: some institutions require authors to seek written approval in relation to the terms of publication. Should this be required, authors can request a separate licence agreement document from the editorial team (e.g. authors who are Crown employees).

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party. The full privacy policy can be viewed here.

Publication Fees

The publication of articles is funded by national funds through the FCT - Foundation for Science and Technology, I.P., under the projects UID/ELT/00114/2019, UIDB/00114/2020 and UIDP/00114/2020.

Authors will not be charged any fee for publishing in this journal. The grant provided by FCT covers all publishing costs (editorial processes; web hosting; indexing; marketing; archiving; DOI registration etc.) and ensures that all of the content is fully open access. 

A publicação de artigos é financiada por fundos nacionais através da FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P., no âmbito do projeto UID/ELT/00114/2019, UIDB/00114/2020 e UIDP/00114/2020.

Aos autores não será cobrada qualquer taxa de publicação neste periódico. O apoio forecido pela FCT  cobre todos os custos de publicação (processos editoriais, alojamento na Web, indexação, marketing, arquivamento, registo do DOI, etc.) e garante que todo o conteúdo seja totalmente de acesso aberto.